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Know This Before Repelling Deer

Deer damage in gardens, landscapes, and agricultural fields is distinctive and can often be identified by several key signs.

One of the most obvious indicators is the uneven, jagged edges on leaves, stems, and flowers, resulting from deer feeding, as they tend to tear the plant material rather than cut it cleanly like some other pests.

Deer also have a preference for certain plants and can cause significant damage to shrubs, ornamental plants, vegetables, and young trees.

In addition to feeding damage, deer may harm trees and shrubs by rubbing their antlers against the bark, which can strip bark off and damage the structure of young trees. Footprints and droppings near the damaged area can further confirm deer activity.

This type of damage not only affects the aesthetic and growth of plants but can also lead to reduced yields in vegetable gardens and commercial crops.

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Deer are concentrate selectors, which means that they eat or “cherry-pick” the most nutrient-rich plant parts that are best tasting. This explains why the tops of your plants, blooms, and buds, are eaten whilst the rest of the plant is still intact.

The average deer can eat up to 7 pounds of food per day. In the U.S alone, billions of dollars are lost yearly to deer-damaged crops. If an area is plentiful in resources a deer will make it apart of their “home range” or where they live and bed. If left undisturbed, deer can then repopulate and stay in that area year after year. Deer are creatures of habit. If they feed on a particular landscape in the spring, you can bet they’ll be back to feed in the fall. Our product will help to disrupt their natural feeding habits and repel them out of their home range.

Deer are habitual creatures that often feed at night to avoid being seen by people and prey. During these late-night hours, deer eat heavily, which is why you might not see them during the daytime.

Deer fencing is always an option; it can be an expensive proposition and an unreasonable one for large areas. Not to mention large fencing can take away from the beauty of a manicured landscape or garden. Deer fencing is the most effective means of controlling deer populations and may be a long-term option to consider.

When using a fence, keep in mind that deer can jump almost eight feet high! We’ve also had customer accounts of rabbits digging under or going through gardeners’ fences. For these reasons, people often use Deer and Rabbit MACE in combination with fencing.

Deer Species

Just like the name suggests, this is a deer that has a patch of white around part of its tail.

This deer has a beautiful coat that is a shade of red. They frequently have a colour which seems darker and may seem like brown in most areas.

The reindeer seem to be appealing to people of various ages because of the relationship they have with the holiday season.

This is the largest of the various species of deer. The males can reach a weight of about 1800 pounds.

This deer has a tusk instead of antler. Regardless, they have been proven to be a type of dear genetically.

The Axis Deer is also recognized as the Chital Deer.  The fact that the white sots their young have do not vanish is one of their most unique trait.

The Elk is a massive deer species and that has a stature which is unique. The males have a proud design to which makes them stand out.

Depending on the region it lives, this deer could be medium or small in size. They have very small heads and legs.

This deer is average sized. A male which is full grown can around 330 pounds and their antlers can spread by 39 inches.

The sambar deer is often mistaken for the Elk because of its body which is long and heavy alongside thin, long legs. Their antlers which are very longs can develop some points on them.

This is a species of deer which is small and beautiful. They are frequently the same size as family dogs.

This is a deer which is considered medium sized. They have a coat which is light brown alongside white spots. This is one of the species of deer that still have their spots after a few months of being born.

This is a smaller subspecies of the white dear. The male can weigh about 50 to 70 pounds.

This is known as one of the larger species of deer. They are also known to have ears which are larger than others in comparison to body size.

This deer can blend perfectly into its surroundings because of the light tan coloring it has. They also have some patches of white along the throat and around the lips.

Asides from the fact that this species of deer look very cute, they are one of the smallest species in the globe. Their size is one of the reasons why people are interested in them.

Because of their small size, the full grown adults are often mistaken for the younger generation, the size of the fully grown adults may be from 30 to 60 pounds in size.

Some of the species of deer identified here are already extinct. Most of them have been for millions of years. They were unable to adapt to the changing environment to keep living for various reasons.

Deer Resistant Plants

Achillea (Yarrow)

Agastache (Anise Hyssop or Licorice Mint)

Ajuga (Bugleweed)

Alcea (Hollyhocks)

Allium sp. (Onion)

Alstromeria (Peruvian Lily)

Amelanchier laevis (Allegheny Serviceberry)


Antirrhinum majus (Antirrhinum majus)

Aquilegia (Columbine) Artemesia (Wormwood)

Artemisia sp. (Silver Mound)

Arisaema triphylum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)

Armoracia rusticana (Horseradish)

Asarum (Ginger)

Asclepias tuberosa (Butterfly Weed)

Asparagus officinalis (Asparagus)

Aster Astilbe (False Spirea)

Astrantia major (Masterwort)

Baptisia (False Indigo)

Berberis sp. (Barberry)

Bergenia (Pigsqueak)

Boltonia asteroides (False Chamomile)

Borage officinalis (Borage)

Buddleia (Butterfly Bush)

Buxus sempervirens (Boxwood)

Cactaceae sp. (cactus)

Calamintha Calendula officinalis (Pot Marigold)

Calluna (Heather)

Campanula carpatica (Bellflower)

Centaurea (Bachelor’s Buttons)

Ceratostigma plumbaginoides (Plumbago)

Chrysanthemum coccineum (Painted Daisy)

Cimicifuga racemosa (Bugbane)

Convallaria (Lily of the Valley)

Coreopsis (Tickseed)

Corydalis Crocosmia Delosperma (Iceplant)

Delphinium (Larkspur)

Dianthus (Cottage Pinks)

Dicentra eximia (Fringed Bleeding Heart)

Digitalis (Foxglove)

Echinacea (Coneflower)

Echinops (Globe Thistle)

Endymion (Bluebell)

Erica (Heath)

Epimedium (Bishop’s Hat)

Eupatorium (Joe-Pye Weed)

Euphorbia marginata (Snow-on-the-Mountain)

Eryngium (Sea Holly)

Filipendula(Queen of the Prairie)

Gaillardia (Blanket Flower)

Gaura Geranium (Cranesbill)

Gypsophila paniculata (Baby’s Breath)

Habenaria radiata (Egret Flower)

Helenium (Helensflower or Sneezeweed)

Helleborus sp. (Lenten Rose)

Heuchera (Lenten or Christmas Rose)

Heucherella Hibiscus Iberis sempervirens (Candytuft)

Iris ensata(Japanese Iris)

Iris louisiana(Louisiana Iris)

Iris sibirica (Siberian)

Iris (Bearded or German)

Kirengeshoma palmata (Waxbells)

Lamium (Deadnettle)

Lavandula (Lavender)

Lespedeza (Bush Clover) Leucanthemum (Daisy)

Liatris spicata (Gayfeather)

Lilium orientale (Oriental Lily)

Lineria (Toad Flax)

Linum perenne (Flax)

Liriope (Monkey Grass, Lily Turf)

Lupinus (Lupine)

Lobelia Lychnis (Rose Campion)

Monarda (Bee Balm) Nepeta (Catmint)

Oenothera (Evening Primrose)

Papaver orientale (Oriental Poppy)

Paeonia (Peony Bush)

Paeonia (Peony Tree)

Phlox divartica (Woodland Phlox, Wild Sweet William)

Phlox paniculata (Garden Phlox, Tall Phlox)

Phlox subulata (Creeping Phlox)

Penstemon (Beards Tongue)

Perovskia (Russian Sage)

Platycodon grandiflorus (Balloon Flower)

Potentilla (Cinquefoil)

Primula (Primrose)

Pulmonaria (Lungwort, Bethlahem Sage)

Rudbeckia (Blackeye Susan)

Salvia (Meadow Sage) Sedum (Stonecrop)

Sempervirens (Hens and Chicks)

Solidago (Goldenrod)

Stachys byzantinus (Lamb’s Ears)

Stokesia laevisStokesia laevis (Stokes Aster)

Teucrium (Wall Germander)

Thymus (Thyme)

Tiarella (Foamflower)

Tradescantia (Spiderwort)

Trycyrtis (Toad Lily)


Veronica latifolia Viola (Violet, Pansy)


Allium Calla (Calla Lily)

Canna (Canna Lily)

Colchicum Dahlia Fritillaria imperialis (Crown Imperial)

Galanthus (Snowdrop)

Hyacinthus (Hyacinth)

Narcissus (Daffodil, Jonquil)

Scilla (Squill)



Amelanchier laevis (Allegheny Serviceberry)

Amelanchier (Serviceberry)

Arctostaphyllos (Bearberry)

Aronia abutifolia (Chokeberry)

Azalea Berberis (Barberry)

Betula (Birch)

Buddelia (Butterfly Bush)

Buxus (Boxwood)

Camellia Caryopteris (Blue Mist Shrub)

Cedrus (Deodar Cedar)

Cephalotaxus (Japanese Plum Yew)

Chaenomeles (Quince)

Chamaecyparis pisifera (Threadleaf Cypress)

Clethera (Summersweet)

Cotinus (Smokebush) Cotoneaster

Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood)

Cornus kousa (Korean Dogwood)

Crataegus (Hawthorne)

Cryptomeria japonica (Japanese cedar)

Cytisus (Broom)

Daphne Elaeagnus (Autumn Olive, Russian Olive)

Fagus sylvatica (European Beech)

Fir (Abies)

Forsythia Gaultheria (Wintergreen)

Hamamelis (Witch Hazel)

Hibiscus syriacus (Rose of Sharon)

Hypericum (St. Johnswort)

Ilex crenata (Japanese Holly)

Ilex glabra (Inkberry)

Ilex opaca (American Holly)

Juniperus chinensis (Juniper)

Kalmia latifolia (Mountain Laurel)

Kerria japonica (Japanese Kerria)

Leucothoe fontanesiana (Drooping Leucothoe)

Liquidambar styraciflua (Sweet Gum)

Lonicera (Honeysuckle)

Magnolia (tree type – Saucer Magnolia)

Magnolia (shrub type)

Mahonia aquifolium (Oregon Grapeholly)

Myrica (Bayberry)

Nyssa sylvatica (Black Gum)

Picea (Spruce Tree)

Picea (Spruce shrub)

Pieris japonica (Japanese Andromeda)

Pinus (Pine Tree)

Pinus muhgo (Pine Shrub)

Potentilla (Cinquefoil)

Psuedotsuga menziesii (Douglas Fir)

Quercus (Oak)

Rhododendron Rosmarinus officianalis (Creeping Rosemary)

Salix (Willow Tree)

Salix (Willow Shrub)

Sarcococca (Sweet Box)

Spirea Symphoricarpos spp. (Snowberry, Coralberry)

Syringa vulgaris (Lilac)

Viburnum (Snowball Bush)

Vitex (Chaste Tree)


Campsis radicans

Celastrus scandens (American Bittersweet)

Clematis (Glory Bower)

Ficus pumila (Creeping Jig)

Gelsemium sempervirens (Jessamine)

Solanum jasminoides (Potato Vine)

Trumpet creeper

Trumpet Vine Wisteria floribunda (Japanese Wisteria)

Calamagrostis (Reed Grass)

Carex (Sedge Grass)

Deschampia (Tufted Hair Grass)

Erianthus ravennae (Pampas Grass)

Festuca (Fescue)

Hakonechloa (Hakone or Japanese Forest Grass)

Miscanthus (Maiden Grass, Eulalia Grass, Silvergrass)

Muhlenbergia capaillarus (Muhly Grass)

Panicum virgatum (Switchgrass)

Pennisetum Phalaris arundinacea (Ribbon Grass)

Adiantum pedatum (Maidenhair Fern)

Athyrium niponicum (Japanese Fern)

Blechnum (Deer Fern)

Cyrtomium fortunei (Holly Fern)

Dennstaedtia punctilobula Dryopteris erythosora (Autumn Fern)

Matteuccia struthiopteris (Ostrich Fern)

Onoclea sensibilis (Sensitive Fern)

Osmunda (Royal Fern)

Thelypteris decursive (Beech Fern)

Mechanical Deer Deterrents

These deterrents utilize sensors to detect the presence of deer and respond by emitting sudden bursts of water, loud noises, or ultrasonic sound waves, which are designed to startle and scare the deer away without causing them harm. Some devices also incorporate flashing lights to enhance their effectiveness during night-time.

The key advantage of these deterrents lies in their non-lethal approach, providing a wildlife-friendly option for property owners looking to protect their green spaces. However, their effectiveness can vary depending on the adaptability of the deer and the specific conditions of the area where they are used. Regular repositioning and varying the type of deterrent can help maintain their efficacy over time. This method of deer control is particularly appreciated for its minimal impact on the environment and the absence of chemicals, making it a preferred choice for those seeking eco-friendly solutions.

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As the name implies, this deterrent tends to stops or deter a deer through trigging their sense of sight. This usually works through trickery. Basically, this needs to be placed outdoor or the end point of your place to serve as a threat for animals trying to trespass. Once they have seen this, they will usually reroute and will tend to avoid the place. Among this sight-based deterrents are flashing lights and tangle foot repelled ribbon. Flashing lights can be a general category. Lots of products might be included here. The principle is pretty simple, the animals are usually startled by the onslaught of flashing bright lights and so will change direction. Some of this products are operated by motion sensor. Tangle foot repeller ribbon, on the other hand, uses holographic image to direct sunlight reflections to create random patterns across the yard.

Touch-based deterrents for deer involve physical barriers or devices designed to create an unpleasant experience upon contact, deterring deer from entering specific areas without causing them harm. One common example is the use of electrified fencing, which delivers a mild electric shock upon touch, discouraging deer from attempting to cross the barrier again. Another approach includes the strategic placement of textured mats or netting that feels uncomfortable underfoot.

These deterrents leverage the natural aversion of deer to certain tactile sensations, effectively preventing them from accessing gardens, crops, or landscaped areas they might otherwise damage. The effectiveness of touch-based deterrents relies on their correct installation and maintenance, as well as their integration into a comprehensive deer management strategy that may also incorporate visual and auditory deterrents for maximum effectiveness. This method is favored for its direct but humane approach to wildlife management, aiming to balance the needs of human habitats with the welfare of deer populations.

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