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June 25, 2019 3 min read

Currently, there are over two thousand species of fleas discovered to be in existence and this easily makes them the commonest ectoparasites in existence all over the world. 99% of these fleas specifically pick animals as preferred hosts which leaves all your pets susceptible to flea attacks. Additionally, some animals are allergic to flea saliva resulting in a condition called Flea Allergic Dermatitis (FAD) this ailment accounts for half of all the reported dermatological problems.

Like fleas, Ticks survive by feeding and living on a host. The different species of Ticks serve as vectors for a wide range of diseases such as Lime Disease. Mosquitoes are the only insects that rival Ticks in activities and effects. It is essential to prevent an infestation before it happens and if it does occur curb it before it spreads.

Annual Application of Preventatives

These parasitic insects have no exact time of the year you can pin point as a time they would not attack, there present year round threats. Fleas for instance may not be as rampant as they are in hot weather in winter but they will find a way to thrive either ways.

The insects transmit live parasite to animals also like worms. Animals that ingest infected fleas will develop symptoms associated with intestinal worms. This is why it is vital for you to consult your veterinarian, he or she will recommend the suitable products you can purchase in order to prevent tick or flea infestation.

Common concerns about Ticks and Fleas

Why should preventatives be used monthly?

As it is, Fleas can thrive in any weather if they find a suitable host or a shady environment. They also carry internal parasites and can transmit diseases to your dog or cat. Bearing these factors in mind, the only way to ensure that your pets and family stays safe is by taking preventive measures against the activities of parasites. Don’t make the mistake of assuming your pet is safe in winter, they are not. Fleas can be carried around by non-domesticated animals, from here, they will jump on your pet and into your home.

Can the insects cause health problems for your family?

Absolutely, some fleas serve as vectors for diseases such as Bubonic Plague, Marine Typhus and Bartonellosis. All of these diseases can be transmitted to humans. Also fleas serve as intermediate for endoparasites such as tapeworms, a human disease.

On the other hand, Ticks also transmit a bunch of human diseases through their bite, some of them include; Tularemia, Relapsing Fever, Ehrlichiosis, tick paralysis, Lyme diseases and Rocky Mountain fever. It is essential that you protect you family from Ticks as well.

My dog never goes outside, can he be infested?

Chances of an indoor animal being affected by fleas are pretty low but not impossible. This is because fleas and ticks can hitch a ride on rodents as well and then to your beloved pet eventually. People can bring these pests into homes also, the parasites gets stuck on socks or pant legs.

How you can protect your pets and family

Don’t give the parasites any chance to feed, dispose of your pets excrement immediately after they are through, do not leave it out in the yard.

Take the animals for routine checkups at least once every month, even when you’ve noticed no signs of an infestation.

Watch your toddlers closely, don’t allow to stuff whatever they spot into their mouths or they may end up ingesting flea dirt.

Keep your sandboxes closed always. This will prevent it from getting contaminated with fecal matter.

After you come in contact with an animal, ensure that you wash your hands thoroughly.

Vector- borne illness

Vectors are carriers of diseases though it may or may not affect them, but they can transmit the diseases. Ticks, fleas and other insects like mosquitoes all serve as vectors transmitting diseases to humans and dogs alike.

Finally, in order to combat the effects of the parasitic insects, the CAPC – Companion Animal Parasite Council – was formed. It is made up of independent group of veterinarians and other health professionals to research and lay down the best control methods against external and internal parasites that tend to harm animals and people. They combine the expertise of veterinary law, internal medicine, veterinary medicine, human health care, association leadership, private practice and parasitology.